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Research News

At RUSVM, research is paramount to our mission. With both students and faculty involved in research and research projects, there is always something happening in our Centers and beyond. Below is a summary of our most recent happenings, publications and conferences.


At RUSVM

RUSVM Phi Zeta Student Research Day 2017  

RUSVM held its 2017 Phi Zeta Student Research Day on Thursday April 6, 2017. All students were encouraged to embrace the opportunity to showcase their research work, whether conducted at RUSVM or externally, and to learn more about research activities ongoing at RUSVM, and throughout the Caribbean region.

Our keynote speaker was Dr. Jennifer Pradel, Coordinator of the Caribbean Animal Health Network CaribVET. Dr. Pradel is a veterinarian specializing in tropical veterinary medicine, epidemiology and medical entomology.

Joint 1st Place (Presenting author in bold)

Rachael Ambrosia (DVM6/MSc), Erik Peterson, R. Gilbert, D. Bergfelt, J. Samper, H French
Effect of Temperature During Sample Handling on Serum
Progesterone Assay Results Under Tropical Conditions in Donkeys

Gregory Hartman (DVM3)
, Dennis, Michelle M. Elize H.R.Dorrestein
Disease prevalence in Orbicella faveolata and Orbicella annularis in St. Kitts

Lauren Angelica Monaco (DVM6)
, Stephanie DeWitte- Orr, Diane Gregory
A Biomechanical Analysis Of Animal Model Species
Used In Intervertebral Disc Research

Sydney E. Davis (DVM7/MSc)
, Michelle Martinez, Maria Vences, Randy Sacco, Roberto Sanchez-Okrucky, André M. de Almeida Don R. Bergfelt
Metabolic and Immune Response to Performance-Based Physical Activity In Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
 

Joint 2nd Place (Presenting author in bold)

Lusan DellaGrotte (DVM5),
A. Amien, T. Weronko, P. Bolfa
Granular Cell Hemangiosarcoma in a Dog with Features of Human Granular Cell Angiosarcoma

Kelsey E. Johnson (DVM2)
, Arni Kristmundsson, Bernhard Laxdal, Mark A. Freeman
Identification of Fungal Pathogens in Farmed Atlantic Lumpsucker:
A One Health Perspective
 

Joint 3rd Place (Presenting author in bold)

Aakansha Virwani (DVM3 & RUSVM Merial Vet Scholar 2017)
, Michelle Dennis, Mark Freeman
Histological and parasitic assessment of white sea urchins in St. Kitts, West Indies

Randall Walker (DVM3/MSc)
, Oscar Illanes, Pompei Bolfa
Preliminary findings of silicate pneumoconiosis in wildlife and domestic animals in St. Kitts
 

Student Research Highlight


Postgraduate student Katie Tiley works on her MSc by Research project titled Histopathology of Queen Conch. Supervisors: Drs. Mark Freeman and Michelle Dennis under the Center for Conservation Medicine and Ecosystem Health
 

Awards

Morris Animal Foundation Scholarship Award:

Kristine Hill, 5th semester DVM/MSc student. She will be under the mentorship of Dr. Michelle Dennis. Her project title is Histopathological Survey of Late Stage Embryonal Mortality in Leatherback Sea Turtles in St. Kitts. This is the second consecutive year that a MAF scholarship has been awarded to a Ross student.

Merial Scholarship:

Bianca Lara, 2nd semester DVM student is a recipient. Bianca will be under the mentorship of Dr. Sree Rajeev and her research will focus on Anaplasma Platys infections on island dogs.

Aakansha Virwani, 3rd semester DVM student was also selected as the second Merial scholar. She will work under the mentorship of Drs. Michelle Dennis and Mark Freeman. Her research project will focus on histopathology of White Sea Urchins.
 

Partnerships

A group of scientists from the International Center of Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD) in Guadeloupe visited Ross from April 5-7 to view the facilities and discuss opportunities for research collaboration as well as Ross’ pending membership in the Caribbean Animal Health Network, CaribVET, which CIRAD coordinates.
 

RUSVM Research In the News

Island represented at Surveillance and Vector Control meetings
The Daily Herald, March 28 2017

Monkey Population Control Must Occur If They Are Found To Harbor Viruses
Antigua Observer, March 27, 2017

Scientists: Monkeys Could Harbor Mosquito-Borne Viruses
WinnFM.com, March 24

Could new 'helper drugs' restore antibiotic susceptibility in superbugs?
Medical News Today, March 14, 2017

Restoring Antibiotic Sensitivity to Resistant Superbugs
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, March 14, 2017


In Other News

The WHO secretariat for the Advisory Group on Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance selected for support Dr. Patrick Butaye’ s one year project on the Transfer of Salmonella from pigs to food in Suriname.

Dr. Luca Guardabassi participated in a working meeting with the St. Kitts Ministry of Health and Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) to establish a National Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan for the Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis.  The 2-day meeting was held April 11-12 at the Department of Agriculture.
 

Conference Participation

March 8-9 Dr. Patrick Kelly attended the Neglected Tropical Diseases Asia 2017: NTDs without Borders: From Bench to Community conference in Khon Kaen, Thailand.

 

Publications

Dockweiler, J., Cheong, S.H. Gilbert. R.O (2017). Perineal laceration following obstructive dystocia in a bitch. Clinical Theriogenology, 9(1), 77-80.

Goodale, L.F., Hayrabedran., S.,Todorova, K., Gilbert, R.O et al. (2017). PreImplantation factor (PIF) protects cultured embryos against oxidative stress: relevance for recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) therapy. Oncotarget, In Press, 1-14.

Lizarraga, I., Castillo-Alcala, F., & Robinson, L. S. (2017). Sedative and mechanical antinociceptive effects of four dosages of romifidine administered intravenously to donkeys. Res Vet Sci, 112, 46-51. doi:10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.01.010

Yao, C. et al. (2017). Increasing frequency of feline cytauxzoonosis cases diagnosed in western Kentucky from 2001 to 2011. Vet Parasitol, In press.

Yao, C. et al. (2017). Tetratrichomonads from the oral cavity and respiratory tract of humans. Parasitology, In Press.

Yao, C. et al.(2017). Zoonotic Trichomonas tenax and a new trichomonad species, Trichomonas brixi n. sp., from the oral cavities of dogs and cats. Int J Parasitology, In press.

Zhang, J., Wang, L., Li, J., Kelly, P., Price, S., & Wang, C. (2017). First Molecular Characterization of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus in Domestic Cats from Mainland China. PLoS One, 12(1), e0169739. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169739

 

  • Research News September - October 2016

    Campus

    September 19-23 - Our inaugural MSc One Health residential week was held on campus Sept 19-23. RUSVM welcomed our first graduating class of the MSc One Health program to participate in a week of professional development and networking. During this short residential, students worked one-on-one with research advisors and presented their work to a group of faculty and students. Read More

    Conference Participation

    October 5-7 - DeVry Medical International Health Symposium was held at Fortaleza, Brazil. The event brought together The American University of the Caribbean, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Ross University School of Medicine, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine and DeVry Brazil to explore issues related to public health.

    Poster winners included Dr. Katalina Zuniga-Brenes (First Place): The importance of total nematode counts in the development of diagnostic methods for Trichuris trichiura (whipworm), exploring the potential of saliva and serum antibodies and Dr. Iñaki Deza-Cruz (Second Place) Epidemiology of Dengue and Chikungunya on St. Kitts.

    Other RUSVM faculty presenters included Dr. Sean Callanan and Dr. Luca Guardabassi.

    September 4-8 - 1st Joint Conference of the Association for Institutes of Tropical Veterinary Medicine and Society of Tropical Veterinary Medicine (AITVM). The conference was held at Humboldt University in Berlin. Dr. A. Lee Willingham was appointed to the AITVM Standing Committee which is responsible for managing the association.
    RUSVM faculty and students gave several presentations:

    Plenary Oral
    Sintayehu Mulugeta Arega

    Parallel Session Oral
    Dr. Souvik Ghosh
    Dr. Andre de Almeida

    Poster Session
    Dr. Tracey Challenger and Dr. Lee Willingham
    Ryan Navarro
    Dr. Felix Toka
    Dr. Chaoqun Yao

    RUSVM became an AITVM member in 2015, the first AITVM member from the Western Hemisphere/Americas.

    Awards

    Darryn Knobel, BVSc MSc PhD MRCVS Dipl. ACVPM, Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Population Health awarded the Zoetis Award for Veterinary Research Excellence at RUSVM. Dr. Knobel has been nominated for the AAVMC Excellence in Research Award.  

    Dr. Andrea Peda, Clinical Instructor has been honored with the Zoetis Award for Distinguished Veterinary Teacher Award at RUSVM for 2016.

    Publications

    Sørensen, T M, A B Jensen, P Damborg, C R Bjørnvad, L Guardabassi, and L R Jessen. 2016. "Evaluation of different sampling methods and criteria for diagnosing canine urinary tract infection by quantitative bacterial culture." Veterinary Journal (London, England: 1997) 216, 168-173

    Ketzis, Jennifer K, James Dundas, and Linda G Shell. 2016. "Lynxacarus radovskyi mites in feral cats: a study of diagnostic methods, preferential body locations, co-infestations and prevalence." Veterinary Dermatology 27, no. 5: 425-e108

    André, Marcos Rogério, John Stephen Dumler, Heitor M Herrera, Luiz R Gonçalves, Keyla Cm de Sousa, Diana Gerardi Scorpio, Ana Cláudia Gabriela Alexandre de Santis, Iara Helena Domingos, Gabriel Carvalho de Macedo, and Rosangela Zacarias Machado. 2016. "Assessment of a quantitative 5' nuclease real-time polymerase chain reaction using the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase gamma subunit (nuoG) for Bartonella species in domiciled and stray cats in Brazil." Journal Of Feline Medicine And Surgery 18, no. 10: 783-790.

    Baker, Kristin R, Bimal Jana, Henrik Franzyk, and Luca Guardabassi. 2016. "A High-Throughput Approach To Identify Compounds That Impair Envelope Integrity in Escherichia coli." Antimicrobial Agents And Chemotherapy 60, no. 10: 5995-6002

    Scallan, Elizabeth M, and Bradley T Simon. 2016. "The effects of acupuncture point Pericardium 6 on hydromorphone-induced nausea and vomiting in healthy dogs." Veterinary Anaesthesia And Analgesia 43, no. 5: 495-501

    Soto, Esteban, Iona Halliday-Simmonds, Stewart Francis, Trellor Fraites, Beatriz Martínez-López, Judy Wiles, John P Hawke, and Richard D Endris. 2016. "Improved Broth Microdilution Method for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Francisella Noatunensis Orientalis." Journal Of Aquatic Animal Health 28, no. 3: 199-207.

  • Research News November 2016

    Partnerships

    November 21 Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (Ross) and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (the Bloomberg School) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to explore research collaborations and joint educational activities to benefit students at both institutions. The MOU marks the first such relationship with a veterinary school for the Bloomberg School. Read More

    Campus

    November 3  Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (RUSVM) students and faculty introduced the first One Health Day on campus to raise awareness of how much we depend on our environment for food, water, shelter and overall health. The events on campus were held in conjunction with 130 One Health Day events that took place across 37 countries. Read More

    Conference Participation

    Dr. Elpida Artemiou, Assistant Professor of Clinical Communication - Presented "Improving Veterinary Faculty and Staff Wellbeing: Evaluation of a Mind Body Medicine Program"  at Reaching New Heights in Veterinary Well-Being conference in Colorado State University, November 4-6.

    Dr. Luca Guardabassi, Director of One Health Center for Zoonoses and Tropical Veterinary Medicine - Main organizer of the ESCMID postgraduate educational course on Antimicrobial Stewardship in Veterinary Medicine, which was held in Sweden in September 2016

    Dr. Juan Samper, Associate Dean, Clinical Affairs & Professional Opportunities - Presented "Relationships for Success" at Reaching New Heights in Veterinary Well-Being conference in Colorado State University, November 4-6.

    Presentations

    Fuentealba, C. (oral) Copper and iron accumulation in feline chronic hepatitis. Western Conference of Veterinary Diagnostic Pathologists, Saskatoon, Canada, 30 September – 1 October, 2016. 

    Fuentealba, C. (oral) Revisión curricular y alineamiento a las recomendaciones de la OIE en un programa de Medicina Veterinaria. PANVET 2016 (XXV Congreso Panamericano de Ciencias Veterinarias), Panama City, Panama, 3-7 October, 2016.

    Illanes, O. (oral) Platynosomosis in a Cat: Diseases of the liver and pancreas. 49th Annual Western Conference of Veterinary Diagnostic Pathologists, Saskatchewan, Canada, 30 September – 1 October, 2016.

    Dennis, M., Fuentealba, C., Illanes, O. (oral) Metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma arising from a mammary tumor in a dog: Diseases of the liver and pancreas.  49th Annual Western Conference of Veterinary Diagnostic Pathologists, Saskatchewan, Canada, September 30 – October, 2016,

    Fuentealba, C., Illanes, O., Morosco, D. (oral) Estefanuriasis en cerdos de la Isla Caribeña de St. Kitts: Lesiones macroscópicas y microscópicas. Congreso Panamericano de Ciencias Veterinarias (PANVET), Panamá City, Panamá. 3-7  October, 2016.

    Illanes, O., Koster, L., Ketzis, J., Shell, L., Rajeev, S., Lathroum, C. (DVM/MSc by Research) Neuville, K. (DVM 9th Semester) (oral) Lesiones Macroscópicas y Microscópicas en el Hígado y Páncreas de Gatos con Platinosomiasis y positivos al VIF. Congreso Panamericano de Ciencias Veterinarias (PANVET), Panamá City, Panamá, 3-7 October, 2016.

    Ortloff, A., Neumann, J., Riquelme, M., Illanes, O. (poster) Glioblastoma multiforme y carcinoma de plexo choroídeo en una vaca de 8 aῆos –reporte de caso. XIX Chilean Congress of Veterinary Medicine, Universidad Catlica de Temuco, Chile, 7-9 November, 2016.

    Willingham, A.L. & Gallagher, C. (oral) Introduction to Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine. Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, 21 November, 2016.

    Willingham, A.L. & Gallagher, C. (oral) Introduction to Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine. Georgetown University Center for Global Health Science and Security, Washington DC, 22 November, 2016.

    Peer reviewed articles accepted for Publication

    Saurabh, S., Sircar, S., Kattoor, J. J., Ghosh, S., Kobayashi, N., Banyai, K., Kumar, V., Ujjawal Sahoo, N., Dhama, K., Malik. Y. S. 2016. Analysis of porcine rotavirus A enterotoxin gene for structure-function relationship. Journal of Veterinary Science (In press).

    Palma, M., Scanlon, T., Kilminster, T., Milton, J., Oldham, C., Greeff, J., Matzapetakis, M., De Almeida, A. M. The hepatic and skeletal muscle ovine metabolomes as affected by weight loss: A study in three sheep breeds using NMR-metabolomics. Scientific Reports (In press).

    De Almeida, A. M., Nanni, P, Ferreira, A. M., Fortes, C., Grossmann, J., Bessa, R. J., Costa, P. The Longissimus thoracis muscle proteome in Alentejana bulls as affected by growth path. Journal of Proteomics (In press).

    Hernández-Castellano, L. E., De Almeida, A. M., Renaut, J., Argüello, A., Castro, N. A. proteomics study of colostrum and milk from the two major small ruminant dairy breeds from the Canary Islands: A bovine milk comparison perspective. Journal of Proteomics. (In press).

  • Research News December - January 2017

    At RUSVM

    RUSVM Phi Zeta Student Research Day 2017 Call for Research Posters

    RUSVM will be holding its 2017 Phi Zeta Student Research Day on Thursday April 6, 2017. All students are encouraged to embrace this opportunity to showcase their research work, whether this has been conducted at RUSVM or externally, and to learn more about research activities ongoing at RUSVM, and throughout the Caribbean region.

    Our Keynote Speaker will be Dr. Jennifer Pradel, Coordinator of the Caribbean Animal Health Network CaribVET.  Dr. Pradel is a veterinarian specializing in tropical veterinary medicine, epidemiology and medical entomology. She has worked in Guadeloupe, French West Indies, since 2010 for the French Agricultural Research Center for International Development, CIRAD, from where she coordinates CaribVET.  Dr. Pradel’s bio is attached. At the end of the Keynote Address, prizes will be presented to the authors of the winning posters chosen by the judges.

    Do not hesitate to contact us should you have any questions. We look forward to a vibrant and successful Research Day 2017.

    Awards

    RUSVM Receives NIH Grant to study transmission of Mosquito-Borne Diseases. Researchers at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (Ross) have been awarded a grant by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study these viruses and advance our understanding of how they may be transmitted between animals and humans.

    The research will investigate whether African Green Monkeys are infected with arboviruses in the five ecosystems present on the island of St. Kitts, identify the mosquitoes that may be involved in the transmission of the viruses among the monkeys, and probe how the virus is spread amongst people on the island.

    Read More...

    Campus

    January - Dr. Patrick Butaye, Professsor of Microbiology and Editor in Chief of the journal “Veterinary Sciences” has been instrumental in the launch of a special issue of this journal focusing on ‘Current Research Findings in Veterinary Medicine in the Caribbean Region’.  This edition will specifically target the publication of regional data on diseases and their prevalence, as well as general veterinary research topics within the Caribbean. Faculty are invited to submit manuscripts for the special issue of Veterinary Sciences – further details are included here.

     

    Research Spotlight

    The efficacy and duration of effect of a Porcine Zona Pellucida and recombinant Zona Pellicuda vaccine as an immunocontraceptive in donkeys.

    PIs: Drs. Hilari French, Assistant Professor of Theriogenology and Erik Peterson, Large Animal Clinical Instructor



    "The project is testing an immunocontraceptive on the fertility of donkeys.  The product we are using is called a Porcine Zona Pellucida (PZP) product that has been used in feral horses in the US.  I am working in collaboration with researchers from Pretoria that have created a recombinant PZP product.  There has been limited research on the effects of either of these products in donkeys and that’s what we are studying.

    - Dr. Hilari French, Assistant Professor of Theriogenology

     

    If you are a student interested in getting involved, contact the Research Administration Office  Research@rossvet.edu.kn  

    Conference Participation

    DVM students presented posters at the American College of Veterinary Pathologists ACVP/ ACVCP 2016 meeting in New Orleans: Lusan Dellagrotte, 5th semester, Chris Larson, 5th semester, Kristen Lacroix, 7th semester. See more photos and video from the conference here.

    22-24 October Dr. Lee Willingham participated in the 16th workshop of the Regional Network for Asian Schistosomiasis plus Other Helminth Zoonoses held in Yangon, Myanmar

    November 16 - 17 Dr. Luca Guardabassi participated in the Nordic Welfare States and Public Health - A Need for Transformative Change held in Helsinki, Finland

    November 14-17 Dr Fortune Sithole participated in the 29th Caribbean Veterinary Medical Association meeting held in Georgetown, Guyana.

    November 14-18 Dr. Lee Willingham participated in the Global Health Security Agenda in the Caribbean workshop held in Miami

    November 29 – December 1 Dr. Michelle Dennis participated in the One Health Leadership Series Module V: The Way Forward for the Caribbean One Health Network workshop held in Trinidad  

    Publications

    Gallagher, C.A. (Phd Candidate)., Navarro, R. (Intercalated DVM/MSc), Cruz, K. (MSc One Health), Aung, M. S., Ng, A. (Intern) Bajak, E., Ghosh, S. (2017). Detection of picobirnaviruses in vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus sabaeus): Molecular characterization of complete genomic segment-2. Virus Res, 230, 13-18. doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2016.12.021

    Koster, L., Illanes, O., Shell, L., Ketzis, J., Lathroum, C.M. (Integrated DVM/MSc), Neuville, K. (DVM 10th Semester) (2016). Percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis (PUC) and bile analysis for the detection of Platynosomum spp. induced cholangitis (“lizard poisoning”) in cats. J Vet Intern Med, In Press.

    Lathroum C.M, (Integrated DVM/MSc), Shell. L., Neuville K, (DVM 10th Semester), Ketzis J.K.K. (2017). Evaluation of two praziquantel treatment methods for Platynosomum fastosum infections in cats. Parasitol Res, In Press.

    Morosco D. (DVM 10th Semester), Illanes, O., Fuentealba. C. (2016). Renal stephanuriasis: Gross and microscopic findings in naturally-infected pigs from St. Kitts, West Indies. Aust J Vet Sciences, In Press.

    Navarro, R. (Intercalated DVM 7th Semester/MSc) Aung, M. S., Cruz, K. (MSc One Health), Ketzis, J., Gallagher, C. A. (Phd Candidate), Beierschmitt, A., Ghosh, S. (2016). Whole genome analysis provides evidence for porcine-to-simian interspecies transmission of rotavirus-A. Infect Genet Evol, 49, 21-31. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2016.12.026

    Nibblett B.M.D., Mauldin-Pereira. M. (MSc by Research), Baumann, E. (2017). Design and validation of a 3D printed flexible canine otoscopy teaching model. Simulation in Healthcare, In Press.

    Soto, E., Ives, A.K. (DVM 10th Semester), Antaki, E., Stewart, K. (PhD Candidate), Francis, S., Jay-Russell, M.T, Sithole, F., Kearney, M.T., Griffin, M. (2016). Detection of Salmonella enterica serovar Montevideo and Newport in free-ranging sea turtles and beach sand in the Caribbean and persistence in sand and seawater microcosms. Zoonoses Public Health, In Press.

    Scallan, E. M., & Simon, B.T. (MSc by Research) (2016). The effects of acupuncture point Pericardium 6 on hydromorphone-induced nausea and vomiting in healthy dogs. Vet Anaesth Analg, 10.1111/vaa.12347. doi: 10.1111/vaa.12347

    Postdoctoral Fellow Presentations at Conferences

    Becker, A.M.J. (oral) Microbial profiling in faeces of wild versus captive cheetah fed meat or whole prey. 9th European Zoo Nutrition Conference, Czech Republic, 26-29 January, 2017

    Becker, A.M.J. (poster) From man to cheetah: adapting the in vitro simulator of the human microbial ecosystem to a dynamic feline gut simulation model for the mechanistic study of dietary interventions. 9th European Zoo Nutrition Conference, Czech Republic, 26-29 January, 2017.

     

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