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Glenn   Wakley BSc(hons), MMedSc, PhD, Cert. ELTA

Associate Professor of Veterinary Anatomy

Dr. Wakley received his undergraduate degree from Sheffield University UK in 1977 with a final year research project that lead to oral presentations to both the Anatomical and Physiological Societies of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. He went on to undertake a masters of medical sciences degree by research on the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerve ganglia. He joined the University of Liverpool UK in 1979 to expand his research interests from neuroanatomy into experimental bone and cartilage repair involving allografts and tissue culture.

Dr. Wakley moved to Loma Linda University in Southern California in 1982 as instructor in bone metabolism, to later become assistant professor in the orthopaedic department and in mineral metabolism, and concurrently the director of the histomorphometry laboratory. He was then recruited to The Mayo Clinic in Rochester Minnesota to continue his bone research, working in collaborations with NASA and pharmaceutical companies looking at pharmaceutical approaches to prevent space-flight induced osteopenia and the causes of osteoporosis in women. Also at The Mayo Clinic he undertook in-vivo training in microvascular surgery. Dr Wakley was recruited to Bristol University UK in 1994 where he led the anatomy teaching for veterinary, medical, dental and science students and successfully redesigned not only the two veterinary anatomy courses, but also the dental and of the nursing anatomy courses concurrently, as well as leading, teaching and examining on various science courses. He has served as External Examiner in anatomy and biosciences at several veterinary and medical schools in England, and also in Wales, Scotland and Ireland.


PHD Histomorphometry, metabolism and endocrinology of bone during space flight, University of Bristol, UK

MMEDSC Neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, University of Sheffield, UK

BSC HONS Human biology & Anatomy, with physiology, University of Sheffield, UK

Certificate in Education, City of Bristol College, UK



Various aspects of education in medical anatomy

Osteoporosis and metabolic diseases of bone

Effects of weight bearing and sex steroids on bone



First awardee of University of Bristol Teaching and Learning prize (2003), awardee of Bristol University e-learning prize (2012), and a core member of the Anatomy Centre for Teaching and Excellence award (2000). Established first e-learning resources website in veterinary anatomy (from 1997).

Publication Highlights

Currently Dr Wakley has more than 100 papers and abstracts including more recently:

Wishart JM & GK Wakley (2017) Interdisciplinary interactions within a small-scale research initiative investigating animation creation as a means of teaching and learning. International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 40(3): 231-242. E-pub March 2017.

Wakley CB & GK Wakley (2017) Unexpected death in nineteenth century Islington. J. Islington Archaeology & History Soc vol 7(1):12-13.

Wakley CB and Wakley GK (2017) Coroner Wakley’s casebook. Fourth tranche. Brown Publ. Co, Northants. 110 pp.

Parmar A & GK Wakley (2015) Standing in practical anatomy teaching increases student interaction. International Congress of Clinical Anatomy, (Joint meeting of European association for clinical anatomy, British association of clinical anatomists, and Sociedad Anatomica Espanola), Rouen France, June 24-27.

Wijeyaratne M, Hayman AR & GK Wakley (2014) Effect of tartrate-resistant gene-knockout on bone formation in mice. Best orthopedic poster award, ATRIUM conference, Edinburgh Medical School, 22 Feb 2014.

Tidswell HK, Innes JF, Avery NC, Clegg PD, Barr AR, Vaughan-Thomas A, Wakley GK, & JF Tarlton (2008) High-intensity exercise induces structural, compositional and metabolic changes in cuboidal bones--findings from an equine athlete model. Bone. 2008 Oct;43(4):724-33. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2008.06.003. E-pub 2008 Jun 19.

Adams MA, Pollintine P, Tobias JH & GK Wakley (2006) Intervertebral disc degeneration can predispose to anterior vertebral fracture in the thoracolumbar spine. J. Bone Miner Res 21: 1409-16.

Richardson LE, Wakley GK & SH Franklin (2006) Histomorphometry of the equine soft palate. The veterinary Journal 172: 78-85.

Current Projects

Anatomical variations in the termination of the common carotid artery in equids.

Innervation of the horn in island cattle on St Kitts


Fellow of Royal Society of Biologists

Member of The Anatomical Society

Member European Association of Veterinary Anatomists

Member American Association of Veterinary Anatomists

Member Institute of Anatomical Sciences