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Felix N.   Toka DVM, PhD, DSc, DACVM

Associate Professor of Special Species

Dr. Toka specializes in viral diseases of laboratory animals and livestock, and held various research positions in Poland, Zambia and the USA. He is a member of the American Association of Immunologist, Polish Immunological Society and Chambers of Veterinary Surgeons of Poland and Zambia


DVM Warsaw Agricultural University

PHD Warsaw Agricultural University

DSC Warsaw University of Life Sciences


Host-pathogen interaction, molecular mechanisms of immune response to viral infections, viral immunology


Associate Professor of Microbiology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 1996-present

Laboratory Grant Award - American Association of Immunologists, 2013

Top Reviewer Award, Editor-in-Chief, Immunology Letters, 2012

Bronze Service Medal, Warsaw University of Life Science, Awarded by the President of Poland, May 2012

Junior Faculty Grant Award - American Association of Immunologists, 2009

Silver Cross Service Medal for achievements in Veterinary Education and

fostering Zambian-Polish Scientific relationship – Awarded by the

President of Poland- 2005

Publication Highlights

Jared R. Patch, Pervaiz A. Dar, Ryan Waters, Felix N. Toka, Jose Barrera, Christopher Schutta, Ganesh Kondabattula, William T. Golde. 2014. Infection with foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) induces a natural killer (NK) cell response in cattle that is lacking following vaccination. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. DOI: 10.1016/j.cimid.2014.07.004

Toka FN, Golde WT, 2013. Cell mediated innate responses of cattle and swine are diverse during foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection: A unique landscape of innate immunity. IMMUNOL. LETTERS 152 (2):135-143

Felix N. Toka, Mary Kenny, William T. Golde. 2011. Rapid and transient activation of γδ T cells to interferon gamma production, NK cell-like killing and antigen processing during acute infection of cattle with foot-and-mouth disease virus. J. IMMUNOL. 186(8):4853-4861.

Jared R. Patch, Lasse E. Pedersen, Felix N. Toka, Mauro Moraes, Marvin J. Grubman, Morten Nielsen, Gregers Jungersen, Soren Buus and William T. Golde. 2011. Induction of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) specific cytotoxic T cell killing by vaccination. CLIN. VACCINE IMMUNOL. 18 (2), 280-288.

Charles K. Nfon, Felix N. Toka, Mary Kenney, Juan Pacheco-Tobin and William T. Golde. Loss of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Function Coincides with Lymphopenia and Viremia During Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Infection. 2010, VIRAL IMMUNOL. 23 (1) 1-13.

Felix N. Toka, Charles Nfon, Harry Dawson, William T. Golde. Natural Killer cell dysfunction during foot-and-mouth disease virus infection in swine. CLIN. VACCINE IMMUNOL., 2009; 16 (12):1738-1749.

Felix N. Toka, Charles Nfon, William Golde. TLR7 and TLR8 agonists potentiate the activity of porcine NK cells against foot-and-mouth disease virus infected cells. CLIN. VACCINE IMMUNOL., 2009; 16: 866-878.

Current Projects

The role TRIM proteins in innate immune response of bovine macrophages



Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Microbiologists, subspecialty Immunology

Clinical Research and Good Clinical Practice

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