Institutional Review Board
The Institutional Review Board, or IRB, is a committee that is required by U.S. federal law to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in research activities. The committee meets this mandate by reviewing proposed and ongoing research activities, ensuring they meet specific criteria for approval. U.S. federal law, commonly referred to as 45 CFR 46, formally, the Code of Federal Regulations at Title 45-Public Welfare, Department of Health and Human Services, Part 46-Protection of Human Subjects, is specific to research conducted or supported by a federal department or agency. However, many institutions, including Ross Vet, voluntarily apply some or all subparts of 45 CFR 46 (also referred to as the “Common Rule”) to all research conducted by their investigators, regardless of status or source of funding.
The IRB’s function, make-up, and authority are governed by federal law, but meeting the regulations is done on an institution-specific level. The IRB ensures that valid studies meet the ethical mandates of the Belmont Report, and the legal mandates of U.S. federal law. For more information and assistance, please contact the IRB Administrator at: RUSVMIRB@rossvet.edu.kn.
Animal Welfare Assurance
Ross Vet follows the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, NRC 2011, 8th Edition, the Animal Welfare Act as implemented by Title 9, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) of the U.S., the AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia (2020), and any published guidance from the government of St. Kitts as guidelines for standards of care and use of animals. All institutions that use vertebrate animals for research, teaching, research training and biological testing are required to create an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) to oversee and evaluate all aspects of the institution's animal care and use program. The IACUC is a self-regulating body which derives its existence from the Animal Welfare Act and the Health Research Extension Act and its amendments, which are administered by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW).
The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) at Ross Vet serves as a resource for investigators, faculty, staff and students using animals in teaching and in research to ensure that all animal use is in accordance with the highest ethical, humane, and scientific principles and complies with all regulations. IACUC is responsible for reviewing all protocols involving animal use, inspecting animal facilities and laboratories, and overseeing training and educational programs.